How To Top / Trim A Marijuana Plant To Keep It “Short”

Looking for the terminal bud on a sativa-dominant marijuana plant.

Looking for the terminal bud on a sativa-dominant marijuana plant.

One of the problems faced by home growers is the daunting prognostication of the height your plants may reach! If you have chosen a Sativa strain (or even a sativa mix), you may be looking at the potential for the plant to reach 6 to 8 feet in height (growing conditions permitting) by the end of your grow. Yipes! That’s just a teeny bit bigger than my grow cabinet…

Autoflowering strain growers take note: Don’t top/trim your plants – they won’t like it, and don’t need it. They’re on a tight growth schedule, and most varieties won’t reach more than 3-4 feet tall.

The particularly tricky part is that the plants will often let you believe that they’ll stay nice and manageable in height. Even by the 4th week of vegetative growth, they may remain squat and bushy, reaching only a foot-and-a-half in height (taller is possible under higher wattage lamps). Then, when flowering begins, they start reaching for the sky – they’ll surge up a couple of inches overnight, and continue stretching as they flower and buds form. By that point, it’s too late to trim without seriously sacrificing harvest yield.

They key is to plan ahead. Top your plants (again, only the non-autoflowering varieties!) while they still have 1-2 weeks to grow in the vegetative phase. This will give the plants time to recover from the minor trauma of “topping” and extend axillary buds from lower nodes of the plant up towards the light. During flowering, these new “stems” will both (the plant will usually respond to topping by extending two lower buds) become flower-, and later, calyx-coated masterpieces of marijuana growing glory.

So here’s what you need to do – it’s rather simple:

First, look for the terminal bud of the plant. Please don’t confuse the term “bud”, which in plant anatomy refers to a an actively leaf-growing appendage of the plant with the slang term “bud” for the mature flower pods (calyxes) of the marijuana plant.

You need to carefully trim only this terminal bud – don’t damage lower leaves or the stem. The idea is to “re-route” the plants energies into growing two lower buds upwards and outwards, therefore maintaing the bulk of the plant, but controlling it’s height:

Looking for the terminal bud.

Looking for the terminal bud (aka “shoot tip” or “apical bud”).

Don’t be afraid to gently pull downward on the leaves at the top of the plant – they will not break too easily. When you have found the terminal bud, you should trim it cleanly using a small set of shears (I prefer nail scissors for smaller plants, such as those in this 100 Watt grow). Better to trim twice than trim too much and cut into the stem – so have a close look and be cautious.

Trimming the top of the terminal bud without cutting into the stem below.

Trimming the top of the terminal bud without cutting into the stem below.

To alleviate your fears, I should note that even if you were to lop off the top of your plant with garden shears, it will more than likely make a full recovery – cannabis plants are famously resilient. I’ve revived the stump of a failed grafting experiment to full growth and harvested several ounces of perfect buds from the final plant. The only thing you will lose is time – a harder pruning means that the plant will first need to gather resources and produce more of those all-important light-gathering vegetative leaves at the top of the plant.

A note about topping plants, and what you can expect: The most wily of sativa plants may indeed require a second top trim to keep them withing vertical confines of a small grow room. Some growers refer to continued topping during vegetative growth as a “screen of green” (discussed in our ebook), where you additionally support the many vertical stems with a metal screen or series of wires. You can trim and continue to vegetate your plants to your heart’s content – they won’t flower until you switch the light schedule (again, autoflowering varieties excluded). You can also expect to harvest more great-looking “colas” (Spanish for “tails”) of finished marijuana flower buds from topped plants. You may even increase your final yield this way – light exposure tends to be more even this way when using overhead lights.

The devil is in the details when it comes to successfully growing your own marijuana. Avoid pests, heat- and nutrient-burn, overwatering, root problems, and all the strength-sapping problems that can occur along the way, and you’ll have your own top-shelf medical marijuana growing in the privacy of your home. Grow organic quality, with fine aromas, and the assurance that you had a hand in production from start to finish – check out the links below for our ebook “How To Grow Cannabis At Home: A Guide To Indoor Medical Marijuana”.

cheers

Glenn Panik

9781476121598.225x225-75[Author and Medical Marijuana Grower Glenn Panik’s “How To Grow Cannabis At Home: A Guide To Indoor Medical Marijuana Growing”, is available on iTunes (iBooks) here  on the Amazon Kindle, and also available as a ‘stealth title’ for the Kindle here. Protect your privacy!

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